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Perfecting Grazing Pressure

Having invested in your grass it is important to get the grazing pressure right to ensure that available forage matches sheep requirements as closely as possible. Throughout the growing season it is important to carefully manage grazing pressure to ensure both grass quality and high forage utilisation – getting animals to eat as much as … Read more

Keeping your calves warm this winter

A calf is born with limited body energy reserves and only a modest amount of insulation coming from hair and a low level of subcutaneous fat. In addition, lipid stores in newborn calves are extremely low; sufficient for a maximum of 15 hours of survival without feed. The thermoneutral zone is the temperature range in … Read more

Taking a closer look at molasses

New trials at the University of Reading supported by ED&F Man demonstrates the benefits of feeding molasses, not only on fibre digestion but also on nitrogen utilisation. In the first trial, cows were fed on diets which contained the same energy and protein content but with differing amounts of carbohydrates. One diet contained no Regumix, … Read more

Preparing for Tupping

Tupping is a critical time of year for any sheep farmer as it fundamentally sets the scene for the next years lamb crop and future profitability of the flock! This Tech Talk discusses the importance of looking at your stock prior to tupping to ensure they are in optimal condition to serve and to be … Read more

Silage qualities present both opportunities and challenges this winter

There are large variations between cuts and regions with regards to silage qualities, so regular analyses will be key to achieving consistently balanced diets this winter. Some key points that are consistent between the averages are summarised below:- Dry Matter – With a grass silage dry matter average of 34.2%, a dryer silage crop should … Read more


Spring growth was delayed by roughly a month, with prolonged dry cold frosty weather causing havoc with grass growth. However, the rainfall during May followed by higher temperatures of June brought some much-needed heat during the day and ideal growing conditions, grass crops played catchup and grew rapidly in about 10-14 days. Well managed grass … Read more

Maximise youngstock potential by starting off on the right foot

Whether rearing beef calves in a suckler herd situation or artificially rearing them from the dairy sector, attention to detail and ensuring calves get the best start is fundamental to lifetime performance. Sourcing calves: When sourcing calves, it is key to know the health status of the herd of where they are coming from. This … Read more

Heat Stress in Calves

In warm or bright conditions, when there is heat and light intensity, calves are at risk of heat stress. During these periods, energy is used to lose heat from the body by sweating and increasing respiratory rate. When and at what temperatures do calves start to get impacted?Although calves have an upper critical limit of … Read more


Sheep farmers face a number of choices when it comes to managing how their animals graze grass. Typically, grassland growth rates should determine how long grass should be grazed and rested for and will, therefore, have a bearing on the grazing method chosen. Growth rates are influenced by a number of factors including season, weather, … Read more


Management and nutrition play an important role in how milk protein and fat are influenced, taking these in consideration to optimise payments from milk contracts is key. Seasonality and genetics also play a role, table 1 show a comparison of popular breeds. Seasonality Seasonality plays a significant role, mostly driven by day length and lighting. … Read more

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